When I was on shore, God I fell on my knees and gave God thanks for my deliverance,
resolving to lay aside all thoughts of my deliverance by my boat; and refreshing
myself with such things as I had, I brought my boat close to the shore, in a little
cove that I had spied under some trees, and laid me down to sleep, being quite spent
with the labour and fatigue of the voyage.
I was now at a great loss which way to get home with my boat! I had run so much
hazard, and knew too much of the case, to think of attempting it by the way I went
out; and what might be at the other side (I mean the west side) I knew not, nor
had I any mind to run any more ventures; so I resolved on the next morning to make
my way westward along the shore, and to see if there was no creek where I might
lay up my frigate in safety, so as to have her again if I wanted her. In about three
miles or thereabouts, coasting the shore, I came to a very good inlet or bay, about
a mile over, which narrowed till it came to a very little rivulet or brook, where
I found a very convenient harbour for my boat, and where she lay as if she had been
in a little dock made on purpose for her. Here I put in, and having stowed my boat
very safe, I went on shore to look about me, and see where I was.
I soon found I had but a little passed by the place where I had been before,
when I travelled on foot to that shore; so taking nothing out of my boat but my
gun and umbrella, for it was exceedingly hot, I began my march. The way was comfortable
enough after such a voyage as I had been upon, and I reached my old bower in the
evening, where I found everything standing as I left it; for I always kept it in
good order, being, as I said before, my country house.
I got over the fence, and laid me down in the shade to rest my limbs, for I was
very weary, and fell asleep; but judge you, if you can, that read my story, what
a surprise I must be in when I was awaked out of my sleep by a voice calling me
by my name several times, "Robin, Robin, Robin Crusoe: poor Robin Crusoe! Where
are you, Robin Crusoe? Where are you? Where have you been?"
I was so dead asleep at first, being fatigued with rowing, or part of the day,
and with walking the latter part, that I did not wake thoroughly; but dozing thought
I dreamed that somebody spoke to me; but as the voice continued to repeat, "Robin
Crusoe, Robin Crusoe," at last I began to wake more perfectly, and was at first
dreadfully frightened, and started up in the utmost consternation; but no sooner
were my eyes open, but I saw my Poll sitting on the top of the hedge; and immediately
knew that it was he that spoke to me; for just in such bemoaning language I had
used to talk to him and teach him; and he had learned it so perfectly that he would
sit upon my finger, and lay his bill close to my face and cry, "Poor Robin Crusoe!
Where are you? Where have you been? How came you here?" and such things as I had
However, even though I knew it was the parrot, and that indeed it could be nobody
else, it was a good while before I could compose myself. First, I was amazed how
the creature got thither; and then, how he should just keep about the place, and
nowhere else; but as I was well satisfied it could be nobody but honest Poll, I
got over it; and holding out my hand, and calling him by his name, "Poll," the sociable
creature came to me, and sat upon my thumb, as he used to do, and continued talking
to me, "Poor Robin Crusoe! and how did I come here? and where had I been?" just
as if he had been overjoyed to see me again; and so I carried him home along with
I had now had enough of rambling to sea for some time, and had enough to do for
many days to sit still and reflect upon the danger I had been in. I would have been
very glad to have had my boat again on my side of the island; but I knew not how
it was practicable to get it about. As to the east side of the island, which I had
gone round, I knew well enough there was no venturing that way; my very heart would
shrink, and my very blood run chill, but to think of it; and as to the other side
of the island, I did not know how it might be there; but supposing the current ran
with the same force against the shore at the east as it passed by it on the other,
I might run the same risk of being driven down the stream, and carried by the island,
as I had been before of being carried away from it: so with these thoughts, I contented
myself to be without any boat, though it had been the product of so many months'
labour to make it, and of so many more to get it into the sea.
In this government of my temper I remained near a year; and lived a very sedate,
retired life, as you may well suppose; and my thoughts being very much composed
as to my condition, and fully comforted in resigning myself to the dispositions
of Providence, I thought I lived really very happily in all things except that of
I improved myself in this time in all the mechanic exercises which my necessities
put me upon applying myself to; and I believe I should, upon occasion, have made
a very good carpenter, especially considering how few tools I had.
Besides this, I arrived at an unexpected perfection in my earthenware, and contrived
well enough to make them with a wheel, which I found infinitely easier and better;
because I made things round and shaped, which before were filthy things indeed to
look on. But I think I was never more vain of my own performance, or more joyful
for anything I found out, than for my being able to make a tobacco-pipe; and though
it was a very ugly, clumsy thing when it was done, and only burned red, like other
earthenware, yet as it was hard and firm, and would draw the smoke, I was exceedingly
comforted with it, for I had been always used to smoke; and there were pipes in
the ship, but I forgot them at first, not thinking there was tobacco in the island;
and afterwards, when I searched the ship again, I could not come at any pipes.
In my wicker-ware also I improved much, and made abundance of necessary baskets,
as well as my invention showed me; though not very handsome, yet they were such
as were very handy and convenient for laying things up in, or fetching things home.
For example, if I killed a goat abroad, I could hang it up in a tree, flay it, dress
it, and cut it in pieces, and bring it home in a basket; and the like by a turtle;
I could cut it up, take out the eggs and a piece or two of the flesh, which was
enough for me, and bring them home in a basket, and leave the rest behind me. Also,
large deep baskets were the receivers of my corn, which I always rubbed out as soon
as it was dry and cured, and kept it in great baskets.
I began now to perceive my powder abated considerably; this was a want which
it was impossible for me to supply, and I began seriously to consider what I must
do when I should have no more powder; that is to say, how I should kill any goats.
I had, as is observed in the third year of my being here, kept a young kid, and
bred her up tame, and I was in hopes of getting a he-goat; but I could not by any
means bring it to pass, till my kid grew an old goat; and as I could never find
in my heart to kill her, she died at last of mere age.
But being now in the eleventh year of my residence, and, as I have said, my ammunition
growing low, I set myself to study some art to trap and snare the goats, to see
whether I could not catch some of them alive; and particularly I wanted a she-goat
great with young. For this purpose I made snares to hamper them; and I do believe
they were more than once taken in them; but my tackle was not good, for I had no
wire, and I always found them broken and my bait devoured. At length I resolved
to try a pitfall; so I dug several large pits in the earth, in places where I had
observed the goats used to feed, and over those pits I placed hurdles of my own
making too, with a great weight upon them; and several times I put ears of barley
and dry rice without setting the trap; and I could easily perceive that the goats
had gone in and eaten up the corn, for I could see the marks of their feet. At length
I set three traps in one night, and going the next morning I found them, all standing,
and yet the bait eaten and gone; this was very discouraging. However, I altered
my traps; and not to trouble you with particulars, going one morning to see my traps,
I found in one of them a large old he-goat; and in one of the others three kids,
a male and two females.
As to the old one, I knew not what to do with him; he was so fierce I durst not
go into the pit to him; that is to say, to bring him away alive, which was what
I wanted. I could have killed him, but that was not my business, nor would it answer
my end; so I even let him out, and he ran away as if he had been frightened out
of his wits. But I did not then know what I afterwards learned, that hunger will
tame a lion. If I had let him stay three or four days without food, and then have
carried him some water to drink and then a little corn, he would have been as tame
as one of the kids; for they are mighty sagacious, tractable creatures, where they
are well used.
However, for the present I let him go, knowing no better at that time: then I
went to the three kids, and taking them one by one, I tied them with strings together,
and with some difficulty brought them all home.
It was a good while before they would feed; but throwing them some sweet corn,
it tempted them, and they began to be tame. And now I found that if I expected to
supply myself with goats' flesh, when I had no powder or shot left, breeding some
up tame was my only way, when, perhaps, I might have them about my house like a
flock of sheep. But then it occurred to me that I must keep the tame from the wild,
or else they would always run wild when they grew up; and the only way for this
was to have some enclosed piece of ground, well fenced either with hedge or pale,
to keep them in so effectually, that those within might not break out, or those
without break in.
This was a great undertaking for one pair of hands yet, as I saw there was an
absolute necessity for doing it, my first work was to find out a proper piece of
ground, where there was likely to be herbage for them to eat, water for them to
drink, and cover to keep them from the sun.
Those who understand such enclosures will think I had very little contrivance
when I pitched upon a place very proper for all these (being a plain, open piece
of meadow land, or savannah, as our people call it in the western colonies), which
had two or three little drills of fresh water in it, and at one end was very woody
- I say, they will smile at my forecast, when I shall tell them I began by enclosing
this piece of ground in such a manner that, my hedge or pale must have been at least
two miles about. Nor was the madness of it so great as to the compass, for if it
was ten miles about, I was like to have time enough to do it in; but I did not consider
that my goats would be as wild in so much compass as if they had had the whole island,
and I should have so much room to chase them in that I should never catch them.
My hedge was begun and carried on, I believe, about fifty yards when this thought
occurred to me; so I presently stopped short, and, for the beginning, I resolved
to enclose a piece of about one hundred and fifty yards in length, and one hundred
yards in breadth, which, as it would maintain as many as I should have in any reasonable
time, so, as my stock increased, I could add more ground to my enclosure.
This was acting with some prudence, and I went to work with courage. I was about
three months hedging in the first piece; and, till I had done it, I tethered the
three kids in the best part of it, and used them to feed as near me as possible,
to make them familiar; and very often I would go and carry them some ears of barley,
or a handful of rice, and feed them out of my hand; so that after my enclosure was
finished and I let them loose, they would follow me up and down, bleating after
me for a handful of corn.
This answered my end, and in about a year and a half I had a flock of about twelve
goats, kids and all; and in two years more I had three-and-forty, besides several
that I took and killed for my food. After that, I enclosed five several pieces of
ground to feed them in, with little pens to drive them to take them as I wanted,
and gates out of one piece of ground into another.
But this was not all; for now I not only had goat's flesh to feed on when I pleased,
but milk too - a thing which, indeed, in the beginning, I did not so much as think
of, and which, when it came into my thoughts, was really an agreeable surprise,
for now I set up my dairy, and had sometimes a gallon or two of milk in a day. And
as Nature, who gives supplies of food to every creature, dictates even naturally
how to make use of it, so I, that had never milked a cow, much less a goat, or seen
butter or cheese made only when I was a boy, after a great many essays and miscarriages,
made both butter and cheese at last, also salt (though I found it partly made to
my hand by the heat of the sun upon some of the rocks of the sea), and never wanted
it afterwards. How mercifully can our Creator treat His creatures, even in those
conditions in which they seemed to be overwhelmed in destruction! How can He sweeten
the bitterest providences, and give us cause to praise Him for dungeons and prisons!
What a table was here spread for me in the wilderness, where I saw nothing at first
but to perish for hunger!
CHAPTER XI - FINDS PRINT OF MAN'S FOOT ON THE SAND
IT would have made a Stoic smile to have seen me and my little family sit down
to dinner. There was my majesty the prince and lord of the whole island; I had the
lives of all my subjects at my absolute command; I could hang, draw, give liberty,
and take it away, and no rebels among all my subjects. Then, to see how like a king
I dined, too, all alone, attended by my servants! Poll, as if he had been my favourite,
was the only person permitted to talk to me. My dog, who was now grown old and crazy,
and had found no species to multiply his kind upon, sat always at my right hand;
and two cats, one on one side of the table and one on the other, expecting now and
then a bit from my hand, as a mark of especial favour.
But these were not the two cats which I brought on shore at first, for they were
both of them dead, and had been interred near my habitation by my own hand; but
one of them having multiplied by I know not what kind of creature, these were two
which I had preserved tame; whereas the rest ran wild in the woods, and became indeed
troublesome to me at last, for they would often come into my house, and plunder
me too, till at last I was obliged to shoot them, and did kill a great many; at
length they left me. With this attendance and in this plentiful manner I lived;
neither could I be said to want anything but society; and of that, some time after
this, I was likely to have too much.