''Believe that tex? Do I believe in my own existence!''
''But,'' said she tremulously, ''suppose your sin was not of your own seeking?''
He shook his head.
''I cannot split hairs on that burning query,'' he said. ''I have walked hundreds
of miles this past summer, painting these texes on every wall, gate, and stile the
length and breadth of this district. I leave their application to the hearts of
the people who read 'em.''
''I think they are horrible,'' said Tess. ''Crushing! killing!''
''That's what they are meant to be!'' he replied in a trade voice. ''But you
should read my hottest ones-them I kips for slums and seaports. They'd make ye wriggle!
Not but what this is a very good tex for rural districts. Е Ah-there's a nice bit
of blank wall up by that barn standing to waste. I must put one there-one that it
will be good for dangerous young females like yerself to heed. Will ye wait, missy?''
''No,'' said she; and taking her basket Tess trudged on. A little way forward
she turned her head. The old gray wall began to advertise a similar fiery lettering
to the first, with a strange and unwonted mien, as if distressed at duties it had
never before been called upon to perform. It was with a sudden flush that she read
and realized what was to be the inscription he was now halfway through-
THOU, SHALT, NOT, COMMIT-
Her cheerful friend saw her looking, stopped his brush, and shouted-
''If you want to ask for edification on these things of moment, there's a very
earnest good man going to preach a charity-sermon today in the parish you are going
to-Mr Clare of Emminster. I'm not of his persuasion now, but he's a good man, and
he'll expound as well as any parson I know. 'Twas he began the work in me.''
But Tess did not answer; she throbbingly resumed her walk, her eyes fixed on
the ground. ''Pooh-I don't believe God said such things!'' she murmured contemptuously
when her flush had died away.
A plume of smoke soared up suddenly from her father's chimney, the sight of which
made her heart ache. The aspect of the interior, when she reached it, made her heart
ache more. Her mother, who had just come down stairs, turned to greet her from the
fireplace, where she was kindling barked-oak twigs under the breakfast kettle. The
young children were still above, as was also her father, it being Sunday morning,
when he felt justified in lying an additional half-hour.
''Well!-my dear Tess!'' exclaimed her surprised mother, jumping up and kissing
the girl. ''How be ye? I didn't see you till you was in upon me! Have you come home
to be married?''
''No, I have not come for that, mother.''
''Then for a holiday?''
''Yes-for a holiday; for a long holiday,'' said Tess.
''What, isn't your cousin going to do the handsome thing?''
''He's not my cousin, and he's not going to marry me.''
Her mother eyed her narrowly.
''Come, you have not told me all,'' she said.
Then Tess went up to her mother, put her face upon Joan's neck, and told.
''And yet th'st not got him to marry 'ee!'' reiterated her mother. ''Any woman
would have done it but you, after that!''
''Perhaps any woman would except me.''
''It would have been something like a story to come back with, if you had!''
continued Mrs Durbeyfield, ready to burst into tears of vexation. ''After all the
talk about you and him which has reached us here, who would have expected it to
end like this! Why didn't ye think of doing some good for your family instead o'
thinking only of yourself? See how I've got to teave and slave, and your poor weak
father with his heart clogged like a dripping-pan. I did hope for something to come
out o' this! To see what a pretty pair you and he made that day when you drove away
together four months ago! See what he has given us-all, as we thought, because we
were his kin. But if he's not, it must have been done because of his love for 'ee.
And yet you've not got him to marry!''
Get Alec d'Urberville in the mind to marry her! He marry HER! On matrimony he
had never once said a word. And what if he had? How a convulsive snatching at social
salvation might have impelled her to answer him she could not say. But her poor
foolish mother little knew her present feeling towards this man. Perhaps it was
unusual in the circumstances, unlucky, unaccountable; but there it was; and this,
as she had said, was what made her detest herself. She had never wholly cared for
him, she did not at all care for him now. She had dreaded him, winced before him,
succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded
by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile: had suddenly
despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all. Hate him she did not
quite; but he was dust and ashes to her, and even for her name's sake she scarcely
wished to marry him.
''You ought to have been more careful if you didn't mean to get him to make you
''O mother, my mother!'' cried the agonized girl, turning passionately upon her
parent as if her poor heart would break. ''How could I be expected to know? I was
a child when I left this house four months ago. Why didn't you tell me there was
danger in men-folk? Why didn't you warn me? Ladies know what to fend hands against,
because they read novels that tell them of these tricks; but I never had the chance
o' learning in that way, and you did not help me!''
Her mother was subdued.
''I thought if I spoke of his fond feelings and what they might lead to, you
would be hontish wi' him and lose your chance,'' she murmured, wiping her eyes with
her apron. ''Well, we must make the best of it, I suppose. 'Tis nater, after all,
and what do please God!''
The event of Tess Durbeyfield's return from the manor of her bogus kinsfolk was
rumoured abroad, if rumour be not too large a word for a space of a square mile.
In the afternoon several young girls of Marlott, former schoolfellows and acquaintances
of Tess, called to see her, arriving dressed in their best starched and ironed,
as became visitors to a person who had made a transcendent conquest (as they supposed),
and sat round the room looking at her with great curiosity. For the fact that it
was this said thirty-first cousin, Mr d'Urberville, who had fallen in love with
her, a gentleman not altogether local, whose reputation as a reckless gallant and
heartbreaker was beginning to spread beyond the immediate boundaries of Trantridge,
lent Tess's supposed position, by its fearsomeness, a far higher fascination that
it would have exercised if unhazardous.
Their interest was so deep that the younger ones whispered when her back was
''How pretty she is; and how that best frock do set her off! I believe it cost
an immense deal, and that it was a gift from him.''
Tess, who was reaching up to get the tea-things from the corner-cupboard, did
not hear these commentaries. If she had heard them, she might soon have set her
friends right on the matter. But her mother heard, and Joan's simple vanity, having
been denied the hope of a dashing marriage, fed itself as well as it could upon
the sensation of a dashing flirtation. Upon the whole she felt gratified, even though
such a limited and evanescent triumph should involve her daughter's reputation;
it might end in marriage yet, and in the warmth of her responsiveness to their admiration
she invited her visitors to stay to tea.
Their chatter, their laughter, their good-humoured innuendoes, above all, their
flashes and flickerings of envy, revived Tess's spirits also; and, as the evening
wore on, she caught the infection of their excitement, and grew almost gay. The
marble hardness left her face, she moved with something of her old bounding step,
and flushed in all her young beauty.
At moments, in spite of thought, she would reply to their inquiries with a manner
of superiority, as if recognizing that her experiences in the field of courtship
had, indeed, been slightly enviable. But so far was she from being, in the words
of Robert South, ''in love with her own ruin,'' that the illusion was transient
as lightning; cold reason came back to mock her spasmodic weakness; the ghastliness
of her momentary pride would convict her, and recall her to reserved listlessness
And the despondency of the next morning's dawn, when it was no longer Sunday,
but Monday; and no best clothes; and the laughing visitors were gone, and she awoke
alone in her old bed, the innocent younger children breathing softly around her.
In place of the excitement of her return, and the interest it had inspired, she
saw before her a long and stony highway which she had to tread, without aid, and
with little sympathy. Her depression was then terrible, and she could have hidden
herself in a tomb.
In the course of a few weeks Tess revived sufficiently to show herself so far
as was necessary to get to church one Sunday morning. She liked to hear the chanting-such
as it was-and the old Psalms, and to join in the Morning Hymn. That innate love
of melody, which she had inherited from her ballad-singing mother, gave the simplest
music a power over her which could well-nigh drag her heart out of her bosom at
To be as much out of observation as possible for reasons of her own, and to escape
the gallantries of the young men, she set out before the chiming began, and took
a back seat under the gallery, close to the lumber, where only old men and women
came, and where the bier stood on end among the churchyard tools.
Parishioners dropped in by twos and threes, deposited themselves in rows before
her, rested three-quarters of a minute on their foreheads as if they were praying,
though they were not; then sat up, and looked around. When the chants came on one
of her favourites happened to be chosen among the rest-the old double chant ''Langdon''-but
she did not know what it was called, though she would much have liked to know. She
thought, without exactly wording the thought, how strange and godlike was a composer's
power, who from the grave could lead through sequences of emotion, which he alone
had felt at first, a girl like her who had never heard of his name, and never would
have a clue to his personality.
The people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded;
and at last observing her they whispered to each other. She knew what their whispers
were about, grew sick at heart, and felt that she could come to church no more.
The bedroom which she shared with some of the children formed her retreat more
continually than ever. Here, under her few square yards of thatch, she watched winds,
and snows, and rains, gorgeous sunsets, and successive moons at their full. So close
kept she that at length almost everybody thought she had gone away.
The only exercise that Tess took at this time was after dark; and it was then,
when out in the woods, that she seemed least solitary. She knew how to hit to a
hair's-breadth that moment of evening when the light and the darkness are so evenly
balanced that the constraint of day and the suspense of night neutralize each other,
leaving absolute mental liberty. It is then that the plight of being alive becomes
attenuated to its least possible dimensions. She had no fear of the shadows; her
sole idea seemed to be to shun mankind-or rather that cold accretion called the
world, which, so terrible in the mass, is so unformidable, even pitiable, in its
On these lonely hills and dales her quiescent glide was of a piece with the element
she moved in. Her flexuous and stealthy figure became an integral part of the scene.
At times her whimsical fancy would intensify natural processes around her till they
seemed a part of her own story. Rather they became a part of it; for the world is
only a psychological phenomenon, and what they seemed they were. The midnight airs
and gusts, moaning amongst the tightly-wrapped buds and bark of the winter twigs,
were formulae of bitter reproach. A wet day was the expression of irremediable grief
at her weakness in the mind of some vague ethical being whom she could not class
definitely as the God of her childhood, and could not comprehend as any other.
But this encompassment of her own characterization, based on shreds of convention,
peopled by phantoms and voices antipathetic to her, was a sorry and mistaken creation
of Tess's fancy-a cloud of moral hobgoblins by which she was terrified without reason.
It was they that were out of harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among
the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren,
or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of
Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a
distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism she was
quite in accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law know
to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.
It was a hazy sunrise in August. The denser nocturnal vapours, attacked by the warm
beams, were dividing and shrinking into isolated fleeces within hollows and coverts,
where they waited till they should be dried away to nothing.
The sun, on account of the mist, had a curious sentient, personal look, demanding
the masculine pronoun for its adequate expression. His present aspect, coupled with
the lack of all human forms in the scene, explained the old-time heliolatries in
a moment. One could feel that a saner religion had never prevailed under the sky.
The luminary was a golden-haired, beaming, mild-eyed, God-like creature, gazing
down in the vigour and intentness of youth upon an earth that was brimming with
interest for him.